Parents Maintenance and Senior Citizens Act – Things to Know


Many people get to enjoy their lives after their retirement, but unfortunately, there are many other seniors who are not so fortunate. They are forced to face hardships due to different reasons like personal problems with family members, property distribution, inheritance, and lack of support. That is why our constitution offers many provisions to uphold the privileges and rights of our elderly population.

All of these are defined under the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act of 2007. The main aim is to empower our old citizens to live a dignified life. Now let us delve deeper and understand this act and its provisions. We shall also look at the amendments that are made from previous ones.

Overview of the act –

  1. Definition and scope
  • The act defines a senior citizen as any person who is 60 years or above.
  • It includes parents, whether biological, adoptive, or step-parents, and grandparents.
  • The act encompasses various aspects such as maintenance, healthcare, and protection of property rights for senior citizens.
  1. Maintenance of parents and senior citizens
  • The act places a legal obligation on children or relatives to provide maintenance to their elderly parents.
  • Maintenance includes essentials such as food, clothing, shelter, healthcare, and any other necessary requirements.
  • If children neglect or refuse to provide maintenance, senior citizens can approach the Maintenance Tribunal to seek redressal.
  1. Establishment of Maintenance Tribunals
  • The act mandates the establishment of Maintenance Tribunals at the district level to address issues related to maintenance.
  • These tribunals have the power to order children or relatives to pay a monthly allowance to senior citizens.
  • Non-compliance with the tribunal’s orders can lead to penalties and imprisonment for up to three months.
  1. Protection of property rights
  • The act recognizes the vulnerability of senior citizens and safeguards their property rights.
  • It prohibits the transfer of a senior citizen’s property if it is done with the intention of evading their responsibility towards maintenance.
  • Senior citizens can approach the tribunal to challenge any fraudulent transfer of property and seek its restoration.

Modifications to the Welfare and Maintenance of Parents and Senior Citizens Act

Recognizing the evolving needs and challenges faced by senior citizens, the act underwent significant amendments in 2019. Let us understand the key changes introduced:

  1. Widening the scope of maintenance
  • The amendment expanded the definition of children to include step-children and legal guardians.
  • It broadened the scope of maintenance to include not only parents but also childless senior citizens.
  1. Enhanced punishment for offenses
  • The amendment increased the penalties for offenses related to the violation of the act.
  • It raised the imprisonment term from three months to six months for non-compliance with the tribunal’s orders.
  • The amendment aimed to strengthen the enforcement of maintenance provisions and ensure compliance.
  1. Simplification of procedures
  • The amendment sought to simplify the procedures and make them more accessible for senior citizens.
  • It mandated the use of technology, such as video conferencing, for hearings, allowing senior citizens to participate without physical presence.
  • The digitization of processes aimed to reduce the burden on elderly parents and make the system more efficient.
  1. Promoting awareness and sensitization
  • The amendment emphasized the need for creating awareness about the act and its provisions.
  • It encouraged the government and non-governmental organizations to conduct campaigns and programs to educate people about the rights of senior citizens.
  • Sensitization workshops and training programs aimed to address the mindset and attitudes towards elderly parents and senior citizens, promoting a more inclusive and caring society.

The Impact and Importance of the Act:

  1. Protection of rights

The act recognizes the rights of senior citizens to receive maintenance from their children or relatives. It provides a legal framework to protect these rights and ensures that senior citizens can live with dignity and without financial hardship.

  1. Prevention of neglect and abuse

By placing an obligation on children or relatives to provide maintenance, the act acts as a deterrent against neglect and abandonment of elderly parents. It helps in fostering a sense of responsibility towards caring for senior citizens.

  1. Addressing property-related issues

The act safeguards the property rights of senior citizens, preventing fraudulent transfers and ensuring that they are not deprived of their rightful assets. This provision protects them from potential exploitation and ensures their financial security.

  1. Access to justice

The establishment of Maintenance Tribunals provides senior citizens with a platform to seek redressal and justice. It simplifies the process of resolving disputes and ensures a timely resolution of maintenance-related issues.

  1. Social awareness and sensitization

The act, along with its amendments, aims to create awareness about the rights and needs of senior citizens.

It promotes a more inclusive society by sensitizing individuals towards the challenges faced by elderly parents and encouraging them to fulfil their obligations.

Challenges and Future Outlook

While the Act in itself can be seen as a great step towards upholding the rights and privileges of elderly people, it does come with a few challenges. It is important to address these points to make it truly effective:

  1. Awareness and implementation

Many senior people are still not aware of the amendments made to the act, even though several awareness initiatives have been taken up by the government. Proper information sharing among the general public is of high importance for implementing it effectively.

  1. The burden on the legal system

With an increasing number of maintenance cases, there is a need to streamline the processes and enhance the efficiency of the legal system.

This includes strengthening the infrastructure of Maintenance Tribunals and providing necessary resources for smooth functioning.

  1. Cultural and societal factors

In some cases, cultural norms and traditional beliefs may hinder the effective implementation of the act. Addressing these deep-rooted attitudes towards elderly parents and promoting a more inclusive mindset is essential.

  1. Comprehensive elderly care

While the act focuses on maintenance and property rights, there is a need for a comprehensive approach to elderly care. This includes provisions for healthcare, social integration, and psychological support to ensure holistic well-being.

Looking beyond the immediate future, it is crucial to recognize the long-term implications of the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act.

As the population continues to age, the act will become even more pertinent in addressing the needs and challenges of senior citizens. The following are a few main considerations for the future:

  1. Elderly-friendly infrastructure

With the aging population, there is a need for infrastructure that caters to the specific needs of senior citizens.

This includes age-friendly housing, accessible public spaces, and healthcare facilities that are equipped to address the healthcare requirements of the elderly.

  1. Financial security

While the act emphasizes maintenance, ensuring the financial security of senior citizens is equally important. Measures such as pension schemes, insurance coverage, and social security programs can contribute to their economic well-being and reduce their dependency on others.

  1. Encouraging harmony among generations

A good sense of harmony can be developed among elderly people and their children with the help of proper educational programs. It can be brought about by educating them on various aspects like mutual respect, empathy, understanding, care, compassion, and the feeling of oneness.

  1. Collaboration with civil society and NGOs

NGOs and other non-profit organizations have first-hand experience in dealing with cases involving parent/children’s conflicts. They have better outreach and resources to reach out to the beneficiaries. Government should involve these organizations to bring about awareness among the target audiences.

  1. Technology and innovation

The integration of technology can enhance the effectiveness of the act. Digital platforms and mobile applications can be utilized for easy access to information, online dispute resolution, and monitoring of maintenance payments, thereby making the process more transparent and efficient.

  1. Research And Data Driven

Data should be collected in an ongoing manner. It can be done by encouraging the senior citizens to give feedback about their experiences, needs, and also the difficulties that they are facing. Such practices can help in identifying the loopholes or gaps in the act. It will help in the evaluation and making data-driven policies in the future.

Looking ahead, it is essential to continue streamlining and strengthening the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act. Besides the stakeholders mentioned in the above points, support can also be sourced from private institutions by forming partnerships and collaborations. The implementation of the act can be further improved by making public-private partnerships to provide welfare to senior citizens.


In conclusion, the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act is a significant legal framework that addresses the concerns and rights of senior citizens in India.

It establishes provisions for maintenance, safeguards property rights, and establishes tribunals for dispute resolution. If you look at it overall, the amendments can be seen as a progressive step, because the procedures are made simpler while adding more scopes to the previous act. If implemented well, it can go a long way in ensuring the dignity and quality of life of our senior citizens.